2012年01月

英会話ワンポイントレッスン28. トーク・アベニュー新宿 "Go to" vs. "Go"

Go is often followed by the preposition to when we are talking about traveling in the direction of a location. To is a preposition that gives the direction of the verb. If the preposition to were to be drawn in picture form, it would be a strait arrow connecting our current location to where we will go.
  • Tomorrow I will go to New York to see my grandmother in Brooklyn.

  • Let's go to the supermarket and get some potatoes for dinner tonight.
In both of the above examples, we are going to a place, so we can say go to.

However, one exception to this is when our destination is home, and when it is without any articles (a, the) or possessive pronouns (my, his, John's). Whether the verb is go or come or return, if home is our destination, then we do not use the preposition to.
  • I need to go to home for a few hours at lunch to meet with my realtor.

  • Rob will return to home sometime next week.
but.....
  • I need to go to his home tonight and have dinner with his family

  • Rob will return to his home sometime next week.
Another time that we say go to is when we are telling that we are going somewhere for the purpose of doing something. However, in this case to is not a preposition but is part of grammar of the verb. For example...
  • She will go to buy a new computer.

  • I won't go to see the Broadway musical.
Finally, when we are talking about going to do an activity (such as go fishing, go shopping, go skiing, go sailing, etc.) we should not use the preposition to.
  • Tonight I will go to fishing at the lake.

  • Let's go to shopping in Shibuya tonight!
If you can remember and apply these rules to your own English speaking, you will sound much more fluent. Good luck and study hard!

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン27. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Nouns which are always plural

For most nouns in the English language, adding an "s" to the end of the singular version of a noun creates a plural version. In this way, one dog becomes two dogs...one shirt becomes three shirts...etc. It is a very basic concept of any language to indicate specifically when you have more than one of something by changing the noun's form.

Some commonly used clothing nouns, however, have no singular/plural forms. They are used in an uncountable way naturally and as such appear in only a form which appears plural. For example:
  • clothes
  • pants
  • glasses
  • shorts

The above nouns can be made plural by adding a counter, i.e. 2 pairs of pants, 4 boxes of pants, etc. However, one cannot say that they have five clothes, two pants, one pant, etc. These would all be incorrect grammatically and would likely not be understood by the person to whom you are speaking.

It is, however, very common to hear non-native speakers talking about their "clotheses", or "pantses". Be aware that this is wrong, and remember that if you do want to make them plural, you must add a plural counter, such as "pairs", "items", "units", "boxes", etc.

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