2010年02月

英会話ワンポイントレッスン12. トーク・アベニュー新宿 My hometown is/I'm from...

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON:

 

 My hometown is / I'm from...

 

Some people get a little confused when using these two phrases.  But the meanings and uses are actually quite simple.

 

Hometown

Your hometown usually means the town or city where you were born, or the town or city where you lived for most of your life.

So, a good example would be;

  • My hometown is Sapporo.
  • My hometown is Sapporo, in Hokkaido.

or

  • My hometown is in Hokkaido.

 

We cannot say;

  • My hometown is Hokkaido.

or

  • My hometown is Japan.

 

I'm from...

When we say "I'm from" we have a few options.  We can say the city/town where we were born, the city/town where we lived most of our life, or even the country.

So...

  • I'm from Sapporo.
  • I'm from Hokkaido.

and

  • I'm from Japan.

are all OK

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン11. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Grammar: UNTIL vs. BY

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: GRAMMAR

UNTIL vs. BY

 

These two words can be very confusing, and many people make mistakes with them.  So we need to be careful.

 

UNTIL:

We use until when we are discussing the amount of time before somthing stops.  Basically until means the same as up to the time of.

 

For example,

  • I will exercise until 5 o'clock.
  • It's OK, I can wait until you finish work.
  • I have until next week to write my report.

 

BY:

We use by when we are talking about deadlines.  Basically, we can use by to mean not later than.

 

For example,

  • I must run 2km by 5 o'clock.
  • I should finish this project by next month.
  • I will try to have lunch prepared by the time you come home.
  • I will send him an email by next week.

 

SO REMEMER:

until = up to the time of 

by = no later than

 

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