2010年01月

英会話ワンポイントレッスン10. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Talking about time

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON: Talking about time

Using For, Since and Ago.

 

We use for and since to answer How long...? questions. For example:

 

    • "How long have you been studying English?"
    • "For about five years."    or    "Since high school."

 

For is always followed by a 'period of time'. For example:

    • For a few days   
    • For a couple of years 
    • For six months

 

Since is always followed by a 'start time'. For example:

    • Since last week   
    • Since January   
    • Since 1996

 

We use ago to answer When...? questions. For example:

    • "When did you start studying English?"
    • "About ten years ago."

 

Note that ago is always used at the end of the sentence.

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 9. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Vocabulary:ALMOST vs. MOST  

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON:VOCABULARY 

ALMOST vs. MOST

People very often make mistakes when using almostAlmost basically means the same as nearly or not quite.

 Imagine this situation; my younger brother's age is 8 years and 10 months.

 We could say...

    • My younger brother is not quite 9 years old.
    • My younger brother is nearly 9 years old. 

or...

    • My younger brother is ALMOST 9 years old.

 

These sentences mean "He is close to 9 years old, but he is NOT 9 years old."

A mistake people often make is to say something like...

    • I almost eat Japanese food.

This means "I am close to eating Japanese food, but I do not eat it.

 

Of course this is wrong, we should say either...

    • MOSTLY eat Japanese food. 

or...

    • I ALMOST ALWAYS eat Japanese food.

 

SO REMEMBER:

ALMOST = NEARLY / NOT QUITE

_____________________________________________________________

MOST / MOSTLY                    = Maybe 60%~95%

ALMOST ALL, ALMOST ALWAYS, ALMOST EVERYONE, ALMOST EVERYWHERE etc.               = Maybe 90%~99%

                   

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 8. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Vocabulary: Embarrassment vs. Shame

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: VOCABULARY

EMBARRASSMENT vs. SHAME

Many people think these words are the same. but actually they are very different.

Embarrassment = Feeling foolish/self-conscious/shy.                                     (Usually after making a mistake, having an accident or doing something funny)

Shame = A very negative feeling or losing the respect of others, after doing something very bad/dishonorable.

 

For example:

・ The man was embarrassed when he started to give a speech, but forgot what to say.                                                                                                                                ・ The man felt great shame after being arrested for drink-driving.

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 7.  トーク・アベニュー新宿 Vocabulary: Favorite & Best

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON: Vocabulary

Favorite & Best

Many students get a bit confused when using these words. Although their meanings are similar, they are not the same.

For example, consider these two questions:

1. Who is your favorite actor?

2. Who is the best actor?

 

A good answer might be:

"My favorite actor is Jim Carey - he's so funny! But the best actor is Jonny Depp - he can play so many different roles."

 

Your favorite actor is the one who you like the most.

The best actor is the one who many people think has the best skills.

 

Another example:

"I'm from Osaka so my favorite baseball team is the Tigers. But this year, I think the Giants have the best team."

 

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