2009年12月

英会話ワンポイントレッスン 6. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Improving Conversation Skills

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON: Improving Conversation Skills

 

One of the best ways to sound more like a native English speaker is to expand your answers and make longer sentences.

For example, if someone asks you: "Have you ever been to America?"

Remember:

    • A nswer   (the question)
    • A dd   (some extra information)
    • A sk   (a question in return)

For example:

     Yes,

    • I went to California on vacation last year. It was fantastic!
    • How about you, have you ever been there?

Or:

     No,

    • But I have a friend who lives in New York.
    • Are you from America?

 

By using the "Answer, Add, Ask" technique, your conversations will sound much more natural.

 

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 5. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Grammar: Go vs. Go to

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: GRAMMAR

GO vs. GO TO

 

Many people make mistakes when using the verb "go"...

 

When we are talking about "ing" verbs, we only use the word "go".  For example:

  • Tomorrow I will go shopping.
  • I like to go skiing in winter.
  • John and I sometimes go driving in the countryside.

 

The only time we use "go to" is when we are using a place noun.  For example:

  • Tomorrow I will go to Hakone.
  • I like to go to a different country every year.
  • John and I sometimes go to the movie theater.

 

So remember...

I go Shinjuku.  WRONG

I go to Shinjuku. CORRECT

 

I go to shopping. WRONG

I go shopping.  CORRECT

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 4. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Pronunciation "The Magic E"

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: PRONUNCIATION

"The Magic E"

 

How does the pronunciation differ between 'tap' and 'tape'?  How about 'tub' and 'tube'?

The pronunciation is different because of 'The Magic E'.  Words which end with a vowel (a, e, i, o, or u) followed by a consonant (eg. t, d, p, s, n...)have a flat, normal sound.

For example: 

'tap'   is pronounced      t - a - p  ------>  tap 

'cop'                            c - o - p --------> cop

 

However, when the word ends with a vowel, consonant, then the letter E, the sound of the word changes.  The vowel now has a CAPITAL sound.

For example:

 'tape'   is pronounced      t - A - p - e ------>  tApe 

'cope'                            c - O - p - e ------> cOpe

 

There are many more examples of this in the English language, here are just a few...

hat/hate    cap/cape    her/here    scrap/scrape    shin/shine   

bit/bite    hop/hope    tub/tube    cut/cute 

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 3. トーク・アベニュー新宿 "Katakana" words in English

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON:  'Katakana' words in English

 

Have you ever used a 'katakana' word when speaking English to a foreigner and been surprised that they didn't understand you? There are three reasons for this:

 

1.   Not all 'katakana' words come from English.

For example アルバイト meaning 'part-time job' comes from the word 'Arbeit' which means 'work' in German. Most native English speakers have never studied German and so probably won't understand you!

 

2.   Some 'katakana' words have a different meaning in English.

For example in English, a 'mansion' is a really big, expensive house in the countryside, not an apartment!

 

3.   The pronunciation is different.

For example ケイキ should be pronounced 'cake' and サラダ should be pronounced 'salad'. In other words, the final 'i' or 'a' sound of most 'katakana' words should be dropped when speaking English to help people understand you better.  

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 2. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Pronunciation of Plurals

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: PRONUNCIATION

 

Pronunciation of Plurals

 

Pronouncing most plurals is very easy, we just need to finish with a SS sound.  For example:

one cat --------------- two cats

  one book --------------- three books

one painter -------------- four painters

 

These words sound exactly the same for singular (one) and plural (more than one), except with the plural we pronounce a short SS sound at the end.

But what happens if the singular word already has a SS sound at the end?

Eg.  boss, box, wash, house

In this situation, we need to add a SIZ sound.

bosses    sounds like   BOSSIZ

boxes      ----------------   BOKSIZ

washes  ------------------  WASHIZ

houses  -------------------  HOUSIZ

 

IMPORTANT: Many people make a mistake with TH words. Eg. clothes, months, baths.

Words with ...ths or ...thes NEVER have the ...SIZ pronunciation.  We ALWAYS finish these words with a normal SS sound.

 

So the word 'clothes' is pronounced CLOWTHS, not CLOWTHSIZ.

MONTHS not MONTHSIZ

 

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