英会話ワンポイントレッスン18. トーク・アベニュー新宿 "Turn On" and "Leave On"

Contributed by Joseph Smith

 

ONE POINT LESSON: "Turn On", "Turn Off", "Leave On"

In English, "Turn On" is a phrasal verb used to indicate pressing a button, turning a switch, etc. in order to make something change from "off" to "on". 

 

For example:

  • Tom turned on the lights when he entered the room.
  • You must press the red button to turn on the television.
  • If you turn on the water, do not forget to turn it off.

We generally use "turn on", and it's opposite, "turn off", when talking about objects which use electricity, gas, water, etc.  Therefore, a car can be turned on, as well as a radio, a hair dryer, and a heater.

 

"Leave On" is a phrasal verb which gives the information that after you turned something on, you left the area without turning it off.  For example, if you leave your apartment and forget to turn off the television, we would say you left the television on.  Or if you leave your house but do not turn off the air conditioner, you could say you left the air conditioning on all day.

Here are some more examples:

  • Julie is worried because she left the oven on when she went to work.
  • If you want to save money, don't leave the lights on when you are away.
  • Dawn leaves the television on when she's at work for her dog to watch.

"Leave On", "Turn On", and "Turn Off" are all equally useful for you to use in your daily life.  If you can understand the differences in how to use them, you can significantly improve your English ability.

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン17. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Vocabulary ACHE

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: VOCABULARY

 

 

 ACHE                                                                       

               1. (verb) to have or give dull, steady pain

               2. (noun) a dull, continuous pain               

 

* Note: There are some other meanings, but they are much less common.

 

Usually, when something is painful, we say it hurts or it is a pain.  But in some situations, native English speakers will almost always use ache.

Here are some very common "ache nouns":

headache        toothache        earache       

stomach ache        back ache        neck ache

 

So for example, instead of saying

"I have a painful ear"  or   "My tooth is hurting" 

most native speakers would say

"I have an earache"   or   "I have a toothache"

 

 

We also usually use ache to talk about "muscle pain"

 

For example;

  • I went to the gym yesterday, so now I'm aching.
  • After the marathon, I had aching legs.
  • I did so much writing in school today that my wrist aches.
  • Following the Judo match, I started to feel an ache in my shoulder.

So, ache is a very useful word.  English speakers never use the expression "muscle pain", so we must use ache.

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン16. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Vocabulary GET

Contributed by Joseph Smith

 

ONE POINT LESSON: VOCABULARY

 

GET

The word get can be used in many different ways among native English speakers.

 

Sometimes get means to receive.  As in:

  • Bruce will get a promotion next month if he reaches his sales target.
  • Every day, Sally gets a lot of junk mail in her mailbox.

 

Sometimes get means to become.  As in:

  • It will be cold tomorrow morning, but will get very hot as the day progresses.
  • If Tim does not turn in his report by 5pm, his boss gets very angry.

 

Sometimes get means to go, or to arrive.  As in:

  • You can get to the stadium via the number nine bus.
  • We should get to Osaka by nine o'clock.

 

Sometimes get means to buy, or to take into your possession.

  • Tony went to the grocery store to get some milk.
  • I have to go to the embassy and get a new visa.

 

And sometimes get means to have someone do something for you.  As in:

  • I got my hair cut yesterday. (Someone else cut it, after I asked them to.)
  • Today I will go to get my suit cleaned. (Someone else will clean it, after I ask them to.)

 

So remember, get is a very versatile and useful word that can have many different meanings.

 

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