英会話ワンポイントレッスン 3. トーク・アベニュー新宿 "Katakana" words in English

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON:  'Katakana' words in English

 

Have you ever used a 'katakana' word when speaking English to a foreigner and been surprised that they didn't understand you? There are three reasons for this:

 

1.   Not all 'katakana' words come from English.

For example アルバイト meaning 'part-time job' comes from the word 'Arbeit' which means 'work' in German. Most native English speakers have never studied German and so probably won't understand you!

 

2.   Some 'katakana' words have a different meaning in English.

For example in English, a 'mansion' is a really big, expensive house in the countryside, not an apartment!

 

3.   The pronunciation is different.

For example ケイキ should be pronounced 'cake' and サラダ should be pronounced 'salad'. In other words, the final 'i' or 'a' sound of most 'katakana' words should be dropped when speaking English to help people understand you better.  

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 2. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Pronunciation of Plurals

Contributed by Daniel Evans

 

ONE POINT LESSON: PRONUNCIATION

 

Pronunciation of Plurals

 

Pronouncing most plurals is very easy, we just need to finish with a SS sound.  For example:

one cat --------------- two cats

  one book --------------- three books

one painter -------------- four painters

 

These words sound exactly the same for singular (one) and plural (more than one), except with the plural we pronounce a short SS sound at the end.

But what happens if the singular word already has a SS sound at the end?

Eg.  boss, box, wash, house

In this situation, we need to add a SIZ sound.

bosses    sounds like   BOSSIZ

boxes      ----------------   BOKSIZ

washes  ------------------  WASHIZ

houses  -------------------  HOUSIZ

 

IMPORTANT: Many people make a mistake with TH words. Eg. clothes, months, baths.

Words with ...ths or ...thes NEVER have the ...SIZ pronunciation.  We ALWAYS finish these words with a normal SS sound.

 

So the word 'clothes' is pronounced CLOWTHS, not CLOWTHSIZ.

MONTHS not MONTHSIZ

 

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英会話ワンポイントレッスン 1. トーク・アベニュー新宿 Negative Questions

Contributed by Bruce McCutcheon

 

ONE POINT LESSON: Negative Questions

Responding to negative questions often causes some confusion. Unlike positive questions, we actually have to say "no" when the question is correct.

 

For example:

Question:  "You're not from Tokyo, are you?" 

Response:  "No, I'm not. I'm from Osaka."

 

If the question is incorrect, we have to say "yes".

 

For example:

Question:  "You don't really like baseball, do you?"

Response:  "Yes I do. I support the Giants."

 

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